Elements that comprise the construction Cost:
Primarily the basic factors of any construction are, Building material, Labor, Contractor’s Fee.
Apart from these major factors a few minor but equally important factors are : Approval fee of Govt departments for, plan approval, Electricity, and sewerage approval, in some places water meter is also installed for consumption of water, bore well, Underground Sump, Compound wall and Gate etc are also to be considered.
Cost may change and add to the existing cost by selecting Interior designs, some wood work especially are very cost incurring, false ceiling, or modular kitchen, and wardrobes, these are generally are not a part of the construction cost, however these can be discussed as a package, while selecting the design at the time of finalizing the contract.
Note:Keeping in vision of future scope of expansion sometimes the people are requesting additional columns for further construction of additional floors in future time, if this be the case the cost may vary based upon the number of columns and beams additionally requested by the client. The major portion of the construction cost variant is because of the nature of Bricks and Sand used, also plastering quality varies based on the proportion of cement and sand used.
The finishing materials like electrical cabling and fixtures and switches, MCB’s and sockets used can vary the price. The same goes with plumbing installation like WC's, Wash Basins, Taps, Hot & Cold Mixers, Bathroom Flooring / tiling on the walls, exhaust fans, and they type of ventilation selected. The kitchen finishing can also affect the cost based upon the choice or Granite / Kadappa Stones / artificial Granite / or other variety of stones or Granite Cladding Tiles.
A Note about Approval Fees
As it goes without saying that any home building project is to be approved by various Govt Bodies or Organizations, one must get clear cut permission, for plan approval, Electric connections, Drain or sewerage permission, for the respective Govt Departments. For these permission the Departments may ask you some documents which you may have to furnish to them.
About construction Material Cost
This part of the construction is the major part, one must take the advice of experts in this field, as the proportion in which Cement, sand, and gravel are mixed can affect the quality of the construction, the strength of the constructed structure also depends on Curing time of the structures. A proper civil engineer monitoring is required at every phase of construction.
Note on Transport & cost Variation with height and Handling:
One must take a proper note on the cost of construction as it can vary based on the height of construction being done, as the number of floors increase for construction, the cost proportionately increased by a small faction, as raising the material to height consumes a lot of energy. Also some of the materials used in construction like, large polished granite structures, or Monumental structures which are made at a great distance from the site of actual construction, so transporting such heavy materials for construction increases the cost.
A look at Labor and Supervising Charges
Labor cost starts right from the beginning of the construction process, from marking, digging, pits for basement structures and pillars, columns and to the completion of the entire construction activity. Labor is the second most cost consuming part in any construction business.